Monday, March 9, 2015


Fisheris Colleges near Kanyakumari District

Fisheries College and Research Institute,Thoothukudi

Fisheries Institute in Kanyakumari District
Fisheries Training and Research Centre, Parakkai, Kanyakumari

The Fisheries Training and Research Centre was established during April 2002 at Parakkai, Kanyakumari district with the following objectives:
  • To conduct training programmes in aquaculture, ornamental fish culture and fish processing to the fisher folk and entrepreneurs of Kanyakumari district.
  • To undertake research programmes in aquaculture and fish processing.
  • To offer technical guidance to the fishery entrepreneurs in aquaculture and fish processing enterprises.
  • To take follow-up action on the training programmes conducted.

India has 8,118 kilometers of marine coastline, 3,827 fishing villages, and 1,914 traditional fish landing centers. India's fresh water resources consist of 195,210 kilometers of rivers and canals, 2.9 million hectares of minor and major reservoirs, 2.4 million hectares of ponds and lakes, and about 0.8 million hectares of flood plain wetlands and water bodies. 

Kanyakumari district has a coast line covering a total distance of 68 kilometers. There are 45 coastal villages on the coast line. Fishing in Kanyakumari District has been providing employment to many people. Fishing is a major source of livelihood for coastal and inland communities in Kanyakumari district. People living in coastal villages are mostly dependent on fishing to earn their livelihoods.  It is still one of the major occupations for the people living along the coastal area. People get involved with fishing as both full timers and part timers. Fish is the daily food for the people in Kanyakumari district. Fishing in Kanyakumari villages mainly depend upon ocean fishing and little bit of ponds, rivers, estuary.  They catch fish from estuary or sea and sell in the local market or to the exporters. The rich fish biodiversity of the state offers good scope for fisheries development. Most of the fish caught in the Indian villages are sea fish. The major marine fish caught in Indian villages include mackerel, sardines, Bombay duck, shark, ray, perch, croaker, carangid, sole, ribbonfish, whitebait, tuna, silver belly, prawn, cuttlefish, etc. Fish production in 2007–2008 in Tamil Nadu 559,360 metric tons.

Estuarine Ecosystems
There are three important riverine ecosystems,which confluence with Arabian Sea in Kanniyakumari

  1. Thengapattinam estuary, formed by the confluence of river Tampirabarani in between Thengapattinam and Eraiummanthurai.
  2. Valliyar estuary formed by the river Valloiyar near Kadiapattinam.
  3. Manakudy estuary formed by the confluence of river Pazhayar in between East and West Manakudy villages.

Apart from these are two minor estuaries also: they are
  1. Pambar estuary near Colachel and
  2. Pantri estuary near Rajakkamangalam.

These are formed by the drainage canal excess waste during monsoon and the water drained from the irrigational fields mixing with sea.

        Wadge bank is a fertile fishing found where rich marine biological diversity occurs. Wadge bank may also be defined as a place of marine environment. Where rich availability of fish food organisms is available. Fishes select this region for feeding and breeding purposes. Of these one is situated near Kanyakumari on the coastline of Kanyakumari District on the eastward as well as on the westward region for about 30 Km. Here representatives of fish species of the three seas are occurring. Traditional fishermen used catamaran and eco-friendly nets, which capture fish of specific size.